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외래어 Loanwords



Many loanwords have different significations with its original meaning in English.


Loanwords English Definition
볼펜 ball pen ball-point pen
커닝 cunning cheating (on the exam)
샤프 sharp mechanical pencil
아파트 apart apartment
에어컨 air-con air-conditioner
가스레인지 gas-range stove
비디오 카메라 video camera camcorder
싸인 sign autograph
골인 goal in scoring a goal
개그맨/개그우먼 gag man/gag woman comedian
아이스 커피 ice coffee iced coffee
슈퍼 super supermarket
아이쇼핑 eye shopping window shopping
세일 sale discount
팬티 panty underwear
오토바이 auto-bi motorcycle
오픈카 open car convertible car
핸드폰 hand phone cell phone
모닝콜 morning call wake-up call
리모콘 re-mo-con remote control
gum chewing gum
오바이트 over eat puke
올 에이 all 'A' straight 'A'
키친타월 kitchen towel paper towel

*You can download more loanwords on the download page.



How to read loanwords?

The sound ‘f’ and ‘p’ becomes 'ㅍ'
패스워드 password, 포스터 poster, 퍼블릭 public, 슈퍼 super, 펜 pen
패밀리 family, 폼 form, 리필 refil,l 서핑 surfing, 뷔페 buffet


The sound 'g' becomes 'ㄱ', and 'ㄲ'
개그 gag, 그레이스 grace, 게스트 guest, 게임 game, 고스트 ghost


The sound ‘k’ becomes 'ㅋ'
키친 kitchen, 키스 kiss, 피카소 Picasso, 캐슬 castle, 크레딧 카드 credit card


The sounds ‘l’ and ‘r’ becomes 'ㄹ'
나일론 nylon, 레몬 lemon, 로고 logo, 런던 London, 러브 love
레스토랑 restaurant, 로봇 robot, 렘 rem, 로스트 roast, 링 ring


The sound ‘sh’ becomes 'ㅅ'
쉐이크 shake, 샤크 shark, 슈렉 Shrek, 셰익스피어 Shakespeare, 쇼핑 shopping


The sound 'th' becomes 'ㅅ' (‘th’ can also become ㅌ)
스릴 thrill, 헬스클럽 health club, 테라피 therapy


The sound ‘t’ becomes 'ㅌ'
타이 Thai, 테이프 tape, 팀 team, 테니스 tennis, 티아라 Tiara


The sounds ‘b’ and ‘v’ becomes 'ㅂ'
베이비 baby, 볼 ball, 뷰티 beauty, 베스트 best, 버스 bus, 벨 bell
비너스 Venus, 오버 over, 발리볼 volleyball, 비전 vision, 베일 veil


The sounds 'j' and 'z' becomes 'ㅈ'
엔진 engine, 제네바 Geneva, 젤라틴 gelatin, 조지 George


The sound that ends in 'b' and 'p' become the final consonant 'ㅂ', and the sound that ends in 'k' and 'g' become the final consonant 'ㄱ'.
랩 rap/lap, 몹 mob/mop, 톱/탑 top, 탭 tab/tap, 색 sag/sack, 백 back/bag

한글 Korean Alphabet

Syllable-Final Consonants


기본 한국어 Basic Korean

Basic Languages
Character Structure and Stem
Honorific Expression
Syllable Stress and Intonation
Word Order and Plural


필수 한국어 Essential Korean

Asking and Telling time
Numbers and Counters


문법 Grammars

Irregular Verbs
Past Tense

재미있는 자료 Fun Stuff

Random Korean Names [F]
Random Korean Names [M]
Themed Dictionary
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