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모음 Vowels

 


 


Any syllable cannot be used with a vowel alone. You MUST put 'ㅇ' to each vowel.

ㅏ (X) ㅛ (X) ㅐ (X) ㅣ (X) ㅜ (X) 아(O) 요 (O) 애 (O) 이 (O) 우 (O)


단모음 Monophthong 이중모음 Diphthong
ㅏ [a] ㅐ [ae]
ㅑ [ya] ㅒ [yae]
ㅓ [eo] ㅖ [ye]
ㅕ[yeo] ㅘ [wa]
ㅗ [o] ㅙ [wae]
ㅛ [yo] ㅚ [oe]
ㅜ [u] ㅝ [wo]
ㅠ [yu] ㅞ [we]
ㅡ [eu] ㅟ [wi]
l [i] ㅢ [ui]

*Audio is available for monophthong and diphthong. Please click the link.

 


 

단모음 발음 Monophthong pronunciation

ㅏ a (as in pasta)
아가씨 (Miss) 가방 (bag) 사진 (photograph)
ㅑ ya (as in yard)
야구 (baseball) 야 (hey)  
ㅓ uh (as in uh-huh)
머리 (head) 어 (yes) 거실 (living room)
ㅕ yo (as in yearn)
여자 (female) 마녀 (witch) 겨드랑이 (armpit)
ㅗ o (as in orange)
모자 (hat) 코 (nose) 고드름 (icicle)
ㅛ yo (as in yolk)
요리사 (chef) 교실 (classroom) 표면 (surface)
ㅜ oo (as in coo)
후추 (black pepper) 주방 (kitchen) 우주 (the universe)
ㅠ yu (as in you)
유창하다 (to be fluent) 규칙 (rule) 휴일 (holiday)
ㅡ ('le' in French)
크리스마스 (Christmas) 으깨다 (to mash) 그네 (swing)
ㅣ ee (as in teeth)
이쑤시개 (toothpick) 이빨 (teeth) 기침 (cough)

 


 

이중모음 발음 Diphthong pronunciation

ㅐ a (as in past)
개 (dog) 새 (bird) 내일 (tomorrow)
ㅔ e (as in best)
게 (crab) 에누리 (inflated price; discount) 세로 (vertical)
ㅚ we (as in west)
외국 (foreign country) 괴물 (monster) 쇠고기 (beef)
ㅟ wi (as in we)
휘파람 (whistle) 사위 (son-in-law) 위 (upside; stomach;above)
ㅢ ui (pronunce 'ㅡ' 'ㅣ' very fast)
의사 (doctor) 의형제 (sworn brothers) 의견 (opinion; idea)
ㅒ ya (as in yam)
얘기 [이야기] (story)    
ㅖ ye (as in yesterday)
계속하다 (to be continue) 무례하다 (to be rude) 예술 (art)
ㅘ wa (as in waffle)
화가 (painter) 과수원 (orchard) 과일 (fruit)
ㅝ wo (as in world)
샤워하다 (to shower) 워싱턴 (Washington) 미워하다 (to hate)
ㅙ wae (as in waiter)
돼지 (pig) 왜 (why) 쾌활하다 (to be cheerful)
ㅞ whe (as in weather)
웨이터 (waiter) 훼방 (to slander; to disturb)  

 


 

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